The Cave Bear (Ursus spelaeus) Scratches in Chauvet Cave (Ardèche, France) | Grotte Chauvet-Pont d'Arc

The Cave Bear (Ursus spelaeus) Scratches in Chauvet Cave (Ardèche, France)

Identifycation, 3D Mapping and Paleoethological Consideration from Wall Marking Activities

Résumé

The Chauvet Cave in south-eastern France is world famous for its exceptionally well-preserved rock art (paintings, engravings), dating exclusively from the early Late Paleolithic (32-36,000 years). This cavity also contains evidence of occupation by cave bears (Ursus spelaeus), on the floors (bones, beds, footprints) and walls (scratches, bärenschliffen). Based on 3D modelling of floors, walls and vaults in several galleries, a morphometric analysis is currently carried out and proposes a new methodological approach for these paleobiological records (size/shape of scratches, scratches measurements, density of scratches/m2, height of ursid marks on the walls, variability, spatialization). First results suggest a high density of scratches in deeper galleries of the cavity (between 80 and 160 meters from the Paleolithic entrance). Scratch sizes reveal intense wall marking activities by cave bear cubs and adult females and in a much less proportion by adult/large males.

Date
Jul 24, 2022 — Jul 31, 2022
Lieu
Savoie Technolac
73370 Le Bourget-du-Lac
Philippe Fosse
Philippe Fosse
Paléontologue

Responsable de l’étude de la faune

Jean-Baptiste Fourvel
Jean-Baptiste Fourvel
Paléontologue
François Baleux
François Baleux
Geomatician

3D capture and photogrametry

Nicolas Frerebeau
Nicolas Frerebeau
Archéologue
Carole Fritz
Carole Fritz
Archaeologist

Research Team Leader

Oscar Fuentes
Oscar Fuentes
Archéologue
Diego Garate
Diego Garate
Archéologue
Nicolas Lateur
Nicolas Lateur
Paléontologue
Antoine Laurent
Antoine Laurent
Géomaticien

Capture 3D et photogrammétrie

Michel Philippe
Michel Philippe
Paléontologue
Olivia Rivero
Olivia Rivero
Archéologue
Thomas Sagory
Thomas Sagory
Archéologue

Capture 3D et photogrammétrie

Gilles Tosello
Gilles Tosello
Préhistorien

Sur le même sujet